by Internet Medical Society
Pituitary tumors are abnormal growth of cellular tissue which results in the formation of a tumor in the pituitary gland located at the base of the skull. Surgical removal of pituitary tumors is regarded as the best and most effective form of pituitary tumor treatment method. There are several advantages and disadvantages that are seen in any pituitary tumor surgery.
Pituitary tumor surgery is one of the most popular and effective forms of treatment for pituitary tumors. These are abnormal cellular growth seen developing in the pituitary gland located at the base of the skull.
The pituitary gland is one of the smallest, and most important, glands present in the human body. This gland is often called the ‘key/master-gland’ as it is not only responsible for secreting various important hormones, such as the growth hormones, but is also responsible for regulating the release of other hormones by different glands inside the body.
Various important and vital functions inside the body are regulated with the release of hormones by the pituitary gland and a tumor growing on it can affect this functioning in an adverse way. A pituitary tumor can result in various small and big complications and disorders in the body, hence, prompt diagnosis and effective treatment is always advised in case a person experiences any of the signs and symptoms shown by a pituitary tumor.
The ‘transsphenoidal pituitary tumor surgery’ is one of the most advanced surgical treatments for pituitary tumors in India. This is a minimally invasive surgical method which differs significantly from the conventional (craniotomy) method of surgery used commonly earlier.
The surgery requires the surgeon to perform the operation using minimally invasive endoscope. The endoscope is a small and thin flexible surgical tube. This tube is attached with a cold light-source and a high-definition video camera at one end.
The transsphenoidal method of pituitary tumor surgery does not require large incisions and is performed using the natural passage created by the nasal cavity (nose).
The surgeon will use this surgical approach to gain a clear access to the pituitary tumor. The endoscope helps the surgeon to view the inside of the skull without the need to make large and open incisions. Once the surgeon has determined the exact location and the size of the tumor they will use similar minimally invasive surgical instruments to remove the tumor from the pituitary gland completely (or as much as safely possible).
These are the distinct advantages and benefits a minimally invasive endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary tumor surgery has over the other methods of pituitary tumor treatment:
These are some of the disadvantages that a pituitary tumor surgery has over other forms of treatment for pituitary tumors:
The higher number of advantages of pituitary tumor surgery far outweigh the disadvantages posed by the surgical removal of pituitary tumors hence it is still the best and most efficient treatment for pituitary tumors.