by Internet Medical Society

Angioplasty & Stents: Facts on Complications and Recovery

What is balloon angioplasty?
Balloon Angioplasty of coronary artery procedure came into existence in the late seventies. It is a non-surgical procedure, which helps in relieving the narrowing & obstruction of the arteries over the muscles of the heart. This helps in giving you more blood and oxygen that is delivered over the heart muscles. The procedure is now referred to certain percutaneous coronary intervention. The percutaneous coronary intervention, which is accomplished with small balloon catheter inserted over the artery in the wrist or groin and advanced to the narrowing over the coronary artery. Then the balloon is inflated inside in order to make the narrow artery back in its shape.
How does coronary artery disease develop?
Arteries that supply oxygen and blood to the heart muscles are known as coronary arteries. The CAD occurs while cholesterol plaque that builds over the walls over the arteries, which is a process called arteriosclerosis. In a course of time, arteriosclerosis simply causes good amount of narrowing over the coronary arteries, when these narrow down, the blood supply it can tend to give chest pain in most of these patients. But some amount of oxygen in this heart muscles are seen causing chest pain in a majority of the patients. However, around 25 percent of people are seen losing significant coronary artery narrowing experience with no chest pain.
How is coronary artery disease diagnosed?
There are various ways the CAD is diagnosed, which include the tools like EKG and ECC like the resting electrocardiogram that help in monitoring the electrical activity over the heart and then showcase the changes causing the heart attack. The CAD is then helps in capturing the pictures of the coronary arteries, while the advanced conditions can be detected using X rays. All the info the doctor collect from these tests helps in treating with the option called coronary artery bypass graft surgery, which is a known preferred treatment choice.
What medications treat coronary artery disease?
When it comes to treatment of CAD, medications can also prove for the same. Angina medication can help in reducing the heart muscles and allowing the oxygen in order to reduce the blood supply smooth. There are three classes of medications that are used to treat CAD include nitrates, calcium blockers and beta blockers. The nitrate includesisosorbide, isosorbidemonnitrate and transdermal nitrate patches, the beta blockers include propranolol, atenolol and metoprolol while calcium blockers include nifedipine, verapamil and ditiazem.
How long is the recovery time after percutaneous coronary intervention?
Percutaneous coronary intervention is carried out in a special room fitted with computerized X ray equipment known as a cardiac cauterization lab. A majority of patients are discharged once they are seen having the percutaneous coronary intervention. The patients are recommend not to lift any anyheavy stuff or carryout vigorous exertion for at least two weeks after the intervention. This will help in healing up the arm arteries in a perfect shape. The patients can resume to their normal work and driving and sexual activities after the said period of two weeks.
What are the long-term results of percutaneous coronary intervention?

The long terms benefits of the intervention would depend upon the amount of maintenance of certain newly opened coronary arteries. 30 to 50 percent of the patients with successful balloon angioplasty in India that can help in developing recurrent narrowing over the site of the balloon inflation generally within the six months after the intervention. The patients can complain about the recurrence of angina or could experience no amount of symptoms. The widespread use of intracoronary stents, which has reduced the incidence of restenosis by around 50% or more;  which is due to the prevention of elastic recoil in the artery apart from rendering a larger amount of initial channel that isseen treating the artery. 

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