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Angioplasty surgery in India: Know the Facts!

About Angioplasty surgery:

Angioplasty surgery or balloon angioplasty is an endovascular procedure used for widening the obstructed or narrowed veins or arteries. This surgery is typically used for treating arterial atherosclerosis. During this surgery, an empty, collapsed balloon is passed over the wire into the obstructed locations and then inflated into a fixed size. This balloon will expand the narrowed arteries and veins within the vessel and the surrounding muscular wall. It will then open up the blood vessel to improve the blood flow. Then the balloon is deflated and withdrawn. This surgery is typically performed in a minimally invasive method.

What's the best treatment Angioplasty surgery?

During your angioplasty surgery, the doctor may use any of the interventional procedure types given below:

Balloon angioplasty: During this process, a specially designed catheter with a small balloon tip will be guided to the exact point of narrowing artery. Once it is in place, the balloon will be inflated so as to compress the plaque against the artery wall. This will stretch the artery to open, thereby increase the blood flow towards the heart.
Stent: This is a small metal mesh tube which acts as a scaffold for supporting inside of your coronary artery. The balloon tip is now inflated so that the stent expands its size to that of an artery, thereby allows it to open. Then the balloon is deflated and removed, whereas the stent stays in that position permanently. It will take several weeks for healing of arteries around the stent. Generally, the stents are placed during angioplasty in order to keep the coronary artery open. Your surgeon will determine which stent type is suitable for your blockage type.
Atherectomy: In this procedure, the catheter has a hollow cylinder on the tip along with a balloon on one side and an open window on another. When this catheter is inserted into the artery, the balloon is inflated such that it pushes the window against the plaque. A blade within the cylinder rotates and shaves off the plaque that is protruding into the window. These shavings are caught in the chamber within the catheter and then removed. This process is repeated until better blood flows into the heart. This procedure is very rarely used today.
Rotablation: A special catheter of an acorn shape, having diamond coated tip will be guided to the narrowed vein or artery. The tip will spin around at a high speed to grind away the plaque on the artery walls. Then the microscopic particles will be washed away in your blood stream and filtered out by your spleen or liver. This process is repeated to fulfill better blood flow. Usually, this method is rarely used today by the cardiologist.
Cutting Balloon: In this procedure, the catheter has a special balloon tip with small blades. These blades get activated when the balloon is inflated. The blades score the plaque then the balloon compresses the plaque against the artery wall.

How successful is Angioplasty surgery?

The success rate for angioplasty surgery is about 95%. The use of newer devices by highly trained surgeons has resulted in such a high success rate. The angioplasty surgery has reduced complications as well as very patients report for recurrence after undergoing this percutaneous coronary intervention.

Why to choose India for your Angioplasty surgery?

India offers better healthcare services and facilities at affordable prices. Many international patients prefer undergoing the angioplasty surgery in India, as this non-surgical procedures help to open the blocked heart arteries. Also angioplasty surgery is much safer when compared to the bypass surgery. Indian doctors are highly, skilled and experienced in performing angioplasty surgery. Indian hospitals are well-equipped and has world class infrastructure. Angioplasty surgery is performed by a specialized team of cardiologists, nurses and technicians.

References:

Fowkes, FG; Gillespie, IN (2000). "Angioplasty (versus non surgical management) for intermittent claudication.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (2): CD000017.

"Angioplasty Recovery". Archived from the original on 9 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-06.

Biographic sketch of Andreas Gruentzig from Angioplasty.Org

A BBC film showing angioplasty being used for primary percutaneous intervention.

Drug-Eluting Stents — Angioplasty.Org

Coronary Angioplasty and Stenting on http://www.nuhcs.com.sg/patients-and-visitors/our-services/cardiolo...

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