by Internet Medical Society
A pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth seen in the pituitary gland inside the head. This gland is a small and bean-shaped gland which is one of the most important ones as well. It is responsible for producing various vital hormones which are used by the body daily to function ideally. A tumor in the pituitary gland can cause the gland to increase or decrease the production of these important hormones and affect the body in various ways.
The most common form of treatment for pituitary tumors in the surgical treatment method however, the doctor will determine the best-suited pituitary tumor treatment method for your individual case depending on various factors. An endocrinologist specializes in problems associated with the different glands in the body along with the endocrine system in it. Also, a neurologist will also be a part of the team of specialists chosen for your treatment.
These are the various factors which mainly determine the type of treatment necessary for treating pituitary tumors:
There are various types of treatment methods available for removing a pituitary tumor and cancelling its effects on the body, such as:
Let us learn a bit more about these less common treatment methods for pituitary tumors:
This is an ideal method for people suffering from a pituitary gland tumor but is not showing any form of sign or symptom. In such cases, the hormonal balance in the body is not disturbed and the body works in a fine condition. This method involves closely monitoring and examining the patient with certain tests to look for signs of the tumor affecting the body as well as for a change in the size of the pituitary gland tumor. Other treatment methods are usually applied if the body exhibits any sign or symptom due to the pituitary tumor.
Radiation therapy (radiotherapy) is the use of high-energy beam of particles (such as protons and x-rays) to destroy the tumor cells. There are mainly two types of radiation therapy:
External Beam Radiation Therapy – This involves using a machine to administer the radiation to the tumor inside the body from outside. This treatment is performed in various session performed at specific time intervals.
Stereotactic Radiation Therapy – In some cases, the radiation therapy is required to remove the remainder of the tumor when the major portion has been successfully removed using surgical methods. This involves aiming high-energy radiation directly and precisely on the tumor itself.
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is mostly needed when the pituitary affects the pituitary glands’ ability to produce hormones. This may involve replacing:
Surgery is one of the most common and successful treatment methods for pituitary tumor cases. This mainly involves removing the tumor as well as a margin of the surrounding healthy tissue using surgical method.
Almost all the pituitary tumor removal surgery is performed through the nasal cavity (transsphenoidal route). This allows the surgeon to access the tumor-affected pituitary gland through the sinus cavity and use specialized surgical instruments to remove the tumor completely, or as much as possible, without damaging the surrounding healthy tissue.
This is today mostly performed using minimally invasive surgical methods (such as an endoscope or a microscope).
India has the largest network of specialty healthcare services with a large number of global-class hospitals and clinics being a part of it. India offers patients with the latest and most advanced treatment for a wide range of medical diseases and disorders at the most affordable cost ever. Every year thousands of patients from abroad visit India for successful and most affordable pituitary tumor treatment at the hands of the country’s most-experienced surgeons.