by Internet Medical Society
Every home should have a well-stocked first aid kit so people can react fast and responsibly when it comes to minor injuries or accidents. Your kit should be kept at a cool and dry place, out of reach of children, but it should always be accessible to you. Also, many people keep smaller first aid kits in their car, just in case there is an emergency. In order to create your own first aid kit, you will need some of the basic supplies and medication.
If any of your family members gets injured at home, the last thing you want to do is take care of their wounds with dirty hands. If you do this, it can only lead to a serious infection and that is why you need a hand sanitizer in your kit. Keep alcohol-based gel or wipes and use it to sanitize your hands before cleaning the wounds. Also, put on the exam gloves and sanitize your hands again after you are done.
For smaller emergencies, such as pulling out a splinter or a tick you will need your tweezers. However, don’t just place the ones you regularly use for your other needs. You need to have clean sterilized tweezers, dedicated only to such emergencies.
For any cuts and scrapes you can always count on gauze to stop the bleeding. Additionally, if you keep some tape in the kit you can combine with gauze and make a nice bandage for protecting the wounds. Store a few adhesive bandages of various sizes as well and always be ready to react fast if someone cuts themselves at home.
Another essential item you will need in your first-aid kit is a pain reliever. These can help with headaches and muscle pain, but some of them can even bring down fewer. Acetaminophen, ibuprofen and aspirin are the most popular pain relievers that you should include into your kit. Moreover, you can easily find them at your discount chemist store and other pharmacies, since you don’t need a prescription for them. However, remember to never give aspirin to your children since it can increase the risks of getting the Reye’s syndrome.
Some of you might get stung by an insect which can result in itchy patches and inflammation. In order to prevent such discomfort, you should always keep a dosses of 1% hydrocortisone cream or gel and be sure that no insect will harm you and your family.
For minor burns, you should store a few Aloe Vera topical gels in the kit. These can instantly relieve the pain and significantly lower the risks of inflammation and infections.
Before bandaging any kind of wound, you need to clean it. That is why you should keep several antiseptic wipes or sprays in your first-aid kit and be ready to clean any injuries properly. Besides these, you can store some sterile water or saline, which make good solutions for flushing out eye injuries.
If any of you have allergies, home first-aid kit is not complete without adequate medications. Always have antihistamines at your disposal and if any of you have any serious allergies, you should keep injectable epinephrine as well. There are various deadly allergies and you can save a life in case of anaphylactic shock.
Firstly, antibiotic creams can prevent infections of minor wounds. Secondly, they can keep the area moist which can later promote healing of the wound. Lastly, these can prevent parts of the wound from getting stuck onto a bandage which can cause further bleeding or sever pain.
These are all the items that make a well-prepared first-aid kit. Assemble one for your home and keep it handy and always be prepared to react fast. However, don’t forget to regularly check up on the kit and make sure to replace any missing or expired items and medication.