by Internet Medical Society
India is one of the rapidly developing countries in terms of technology and economy. From last few decades, with the advancement of technology in medical sciences, there has been significant improvement in the resutls of cosmetic surgeries. One of the most popular cosmetic procedures in INDIA, hair trasnplant procedure is widely common especially among young males because of the increased prevalence of genetic hair loss. In this article, we will be discussing the causes of hairloss and its treatment.
Hair loss & its causes
Hair shedding or Hair thinning or Balding or Hair loss is the loss of hair in the scalp or any other part of the body. Excessive hair loss from the scalp is generally referred to as Baldness. It is considered normal when there is a fall of around 100 hair strands per day for everyone and at every age. Alopecia, the medical term for any type of hair loss, occurs because hair grows in normal cycles of hair growth and shedding cycles.
Each cycle consists of
When the number of hairs shedding per day is >100, resulting in excessive loss of hair it can lead to some sort of distress etc. It is then advised to consult a good dermatologist for clearing all sorts of doubts related to the hair loss.
In most cases, Hair loss takes place as a result of genetic history (in 80% of cases), other issues responsible for hair loss are hormonal abnormalities, medical disorder or medications. Patterned hair loss is the most common reason of hair loss observed in both the sexes after puberty stage. The key features (pathophysiological) of Patterned hair loss are miniaturization, and loss of hair roots at the affected emplacements. While “Male Androgenic Alopecia (MPB, male pattern baldness)” is most common in male, “Female pattern baldness” (FPB) is most common in the female. MPB is a situation where hair loss occurs in multiple parts of the scalp, finally leading to a bald region surrounded by hair in a horseshoe-like pattern. To an approximate value, 30-50% of men are affected by this disorder by the age of 50. There are above 50 percent of women by the age above 65 have reported thinning hair.
Other forms of hair loss include
Some of the principal causes of Androgenic Alopecia or Male pattern baldness are a nutritional deficiency, endocrine abnormalities. It is very important to note that Oils or shampoos do not much effect on hair growth as the scalp does not absorb them directly.
Hair Transplant in INDIA
Hair transplant surgery of the modern day initiated in Japan in the late 1930s. Dr. Okuda, a Japanese dermatologist, evolved a procedure to restore hair loss for those suffering from scalp injuries as well as for burn victims. His unique method was the “punch technique” where small sections of hair-bearing skin were placed into small slits where the skin had been damaged. The grafts were able to heal and produce hair in the damaged skin areas. Dr. Norman Orentreich is considered the father of modern dermatologic surgery for his trailblazing work in Hair Transplantation, dermabrasion, and fillers. He also coined the phrase “donor dominance” to explain this concept. He not only accomplished the transplant but he was the one who established that hair on the rear side and sides of a man’s scalp must not be susceptible to balding.
At present, the hair transplant surgery has immensely improved with the advancement of medical sciences and technology. The surgeons for hair transplant in India and other countries are better equipped in providing quality treatment with natural hairline design and good hair density.
Techniques available for hair transplant in INDIA
There are two techniques of hair transplant in INDIA, Follicular unit transplantation (FUT) and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE).
In Follicular unit transplantation (FUT) method of hair transplant in INDIA, a strip of skin with hair grafts is removed from the back of scalp, hair grafts dissected from this strip, and hair grafts are implanted at the area of baldness. The area from where the strip is excised has a linear scar which can be successfully made invisible with Trichophytic closure.
In Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) method of hair transplant in INDIA, the hair grafts are harvested individually using a motorised FUE punch. In this treatment, the scars formed are very small in size and thus are unnoticeable.
Cost of hair transplant in INDIA
The hair transplant cost in India lies anywhere between INR 50,000 to 2,00,000, depending on the extent of hair loss, the type of procedure you have, and the quality of the clinic and its team. Most common destination for natural hair transplant is Delhi and Jaipur in India.