by Internet Medical Society

Your doctor may recommend a hemorrhoidectomy , to remove your hemorrhoids . If they do not respond to more conservative treatment.  Cemorrhoidal veins are blood vessels within the walls of the rectum and  anal canal. Hemorrhoids also known as piles, occur when these veins become swollen and the tissue around them becomes inflamed. A swollen vein near the opening of the anal canal is called an external hemorrhoid.

A swollen vein within the rectum is called an internal hemorrhoid. Internal Hemorrhoids are classified by how advanced they are, First degree internal Hemorrhoids, are those that always remain inside the rectum.

Second degree internal Hemorrhoids will extend outside the rectum during a bowel movement and then return to the inside of the rectum on their own.

Third degree internal Hemorrhoids, extend outside the rectum during a bowel movement and then must be pushed back inside the rectum.

Fourth-degree internal Hemorrhoids always remain outside the rectum and cannot be pushed back in. before a hemorrhoidectomy you may be given local or general anesthesia, for general anesthesia you will be given medications to put you to sleep through a breathing mask or through an IV line, a breathing tube will be inserted through your mouth and into your windpipe to help you breathe during the operation.

Your surgeon will begin by using a scalpel, electrocautery or laser to make an incision in the tissue around the hemorrhoid to expose the swollen vein, your surgeon may tie off the swollen vein in order to keep it from bleeding when it is removed.

Your surgeon will then remove the swollen vein and inflamed tissue. your wound may be left open or your surgeon may suture it closed. finally your surgeon will place medicated bandages over the wound to aid in healing and protect from infection.  the procedure generally takes about an hour, after your procedure your breathing tube will be removed, you will be instructed to eat a high-fiber diet and drink plenty of fluids to help prevent constipation during your recovery, which usually lasts two weeks to two months. Your doctor may recommend warm baths, medications and/or stool softeners to make you more comfortable in the days after your procedure.  

Most people are able to return home the day of the procedure, but some will need to stay in the hospital for one to two days.  after you return home you should call your doctor immediately if you experience fever, excessive pain , drainage from your wound redness or swelling.

This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone. To know more  visit our website or If you are looking for best piles hospital in bangalore visit us.

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