by Internet Medical Society
What is Neurosurgery?
Neurosurgery is also known as neurological surgery and is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and rehabilitation for disorders that affect a person’s nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and the cerebro-vascular system.
What are the different variations in Neurosurgery?
A general neurosurgery includes common neurological conditions such as neuro-trauma and other types of neuro-emergencies such as inter-cranial hemorrhage (bleeding inside the brain).
There are other specialized branches of neurosurgery that specialize in treating specific neurological conditions, such as:
What is Neuropathology?
Neuropathology deals with congenital, traumatic, acquired, infectious, neoplastic or degenerative conditions that affect a person. Neuropathology mainly deals with congenital hydrocephalus, myelomeningocele or pediatric cancers in children. Adult neuropathology mainly involves treatment of spine injury, head trauma and other internal bleeding (hemorrhagic) disorders. Neuropathology also deals with Parkinson’s disease, aneurysm bleeds and degenerative spine disease in elderly people.
What are the various Neurosurgery methods?
These are the various methods included in neurosurgery:
This is an efficient diagnostic and operative level-assisting neurosurgery method. It includes computerized tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetoencaphalography (MEG), positron emission tomography (PET) and stereotactic radiosurgery.
This is the ‘open-type’ surgical method in neurosurgery that involves opening the skull and creating a large opening in it to access the brain. This method is now being replaced by more minimally invasive methods such as endoscopic surgery. However the open-type conventional neurosurgery is still widely used for treatment of traumatic and emergency neurological situations.
Micro-vascular techniques are used in EC-IC bypass surgery as well as in restoration carotid endarterectomy. The removal of an aneurysm is also performed using a microscopic instrument. Minimally invasive neurosurgical methods also utilize microscopes in endoscopes. Microsurgery is widely used in artificial disc replacement, laminectomy and micro-discectomy.
This method of neurosurgery is very useful in functional neurosurgery that requires implanting electrodes or in gene therapy to ensure higher level of accuracy in treatment of Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease. Microsurgery technique is efficient in treatment of intra-ventricular hemorrhages.
Minimally invasive neurosurgery
An endoscope is used to perform a minimally invasive neurosurgery when possible. Repairing cerebrospinal fluid leaks, treatment of chordomas, craniopharyngiomas and pituitary tumors is also performed with the help of endoscopic endonasal surgery.
Neurosurgeons often take assistance from radiation oncologists in AVM and tumor treatment. Gamma knife and Cyberknife surgery are often used in neurosurgical treatments.
This surgery uses endovascular imaging instruments to accurately treat aneurysms, carotid stenosis, AVMs, spinal malformations and strokes. Angioplasty, clot retrieval, stenting, diagnostic angiography and embolization are several endovascular neurosurgical techniques.
This type of neurosurgery covers the lumbar, cervical and thoracic spine. Spondylosis, vertebral disc arthritis and spinal cord compression require spine surgery to release the decompressed peripheral nerve roots as well as the main spinal cord.
What are the conditions treated by Neurosurgery?
These are several common conditions that are treated using neurosurgical methods:
Neurosurgery in Goa for abroad patients looking for low cost treatment
There is a vast network of neurosurgical specialty hospitals and clinics in Goa that boast of the most modern and latest instruments in neurological diagnosis and treatment. These hospitals and clinics have the most experienced and extensively-trained neurologist and neurosurgeons that ensure that every patient gets a treatment at par with global standards of quality. All these high quality and efficient neurosurgeries for abroad patients in Goa are at the lowest possible cost.
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