by Internet Medical Society

High blood pressure(Hypertension) is a mode in which the pressure arises in the arteries which are the vessels carrying blood from the heart to the rest of the body. It causes blood pressure to rise and stay above normal for a time.Blood pressure reading is represented in two numbers with a ratio like this ‘130/70 mmHg’ that means your highest blood pressure is 130 and when your heart is at rest it is 70.


Systolic blood pressure - It is the highest level your blood pressure reaches when the your heart beats while pumping blood.


Diastolic blood pressure - It is the lowest level your blood pressure reaches when the heart is at rest, as it relaxes between the beats.


What complications high blood pressure can lead to ?


Heart failure- The heart strives to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body. Thickening of heart muscle is caused due to difficulties in pumping blood against high blood pressure.


Blood clot - Some blood converts from liquid to solid which is embolus  known as clot formation.


Heart attack - Heart muscle dies due to loss of blood supply.

Stroke - Blood flow to the brain is clogged by rupture of an artery to the brain, and brain cells die.


Problem with memory and psychical issues - If the high blood pressure is not treated it causes difficulty in patients ability to think, learn and understand.


Metabolic syndrome - It is a cluster of disorders of body’s metabolism including high insulin levels, enlarged waist, high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL).


Aneurysm - A bulge is formed on the wall of the vein, artery or heart.


Hypertensive retinopathy - Untreated hypertension leads to thickened, narrowed and torn blood vessels in the eyes, which can lead to vision loss.


High blood pressure and Diet


It is important to lower blood pressure by incorporating healthy changes in your lifestyle. By tracking your calories and watching portion sizes will help you in lowering your blood pressure .




DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension)is a lifelong approach to healthy eating that is specially designed to treat or prevent hypertension. It cuts down sugar, desserts, red meat, sweetened beverages and processed foods. It includes high intake of fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, and low-fat dairy, these nutrients are high in potassium, magnesium, calcium, fibre and protein. People who followed DASH diet have known to reduce the risk of cardiac arrest and heart disease.


There are various ways to lower high blood pressure:


Regular exercise - By exercising 30-60 minutes for five days a week helps to lower blood pressure.


Lowering sodium intake - High sodium diet increases blood pressure. Therefore the less sodium you intake the better will be blood pressure control.


Track what you eat- Count on the calories you eat and drink each day. Observing portion sizes you eat daily.


Reducing alcohol consumption - Regular consumption of alcohol elevates blood pressure levels.


Lowering caffeine consumption - Caffeine levels in energy and soft drinks are responsible for increase in blood pressure.


The heart treatment facility in India is exceptionally good, the surgical techniques applied by the surgeons are cutting-edge as that of America and Europe. Cardiac treatment costs in India are affordable as compared to international destinations like USA, UK, UAE,Africa,etc. The success rate of cardiac treatments in India is very high and has high class cardiac catheterisation labs for diagnosis.Economical cost is the prime reason for attraction for patients from overseas.

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