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by Internet Medical Society

Spine conditions and disorders- Know the facts

Overview :

Our spine, or backbone, is comprised of 26 bone plates called vertebrae. The vertebrae secure spinal line and permit to stand and twist. Various issues can change the structure of the spine or harm the vertebrae and encompassing tissue. They incorporate :

  • Contaminations
  • Wounds
  • Tumors
  • Conditions, for example, ankylosing spondylitis and scoliosis.
  • These come with age, for example, spinal stenosis and herniated disc.


Spinal damage regularly causes pain when structure is changed and put weight on the spinal line or nerves. They can likewise restrain development. Medicines contrast via ailment, however at times they incorporate back supports and surgery.

Condition & disorder with treatment procedures :

Here is the list of commonly seen spinal disorders which affect normal lifestyle of people.


1. Herniated disc :
the condition is observed when disc which is small and spongy that safeguards and cover the vertebrae swells out or breaks open. It is, also known as a slipped or ruptured disc. This affects any part of the spine, commonly seen in the lower back, most painful area.

Treatment methods :

  • Artificial disc replacement
  • Selective nerve root blocks/transforaminal epidural steroid blocks
  • Spinal fusion
  • Microendoscopic Discectomy
  • Epidural steroid blocks
  • Laminoplasty
  • Medication
  • Physical therapy


2. Degenerative disc disease :
the disease condition is the normal breakdown of spinal discs, this goes with age or some accident. A degeneration process with herniated disc begins with sudden injury. Back or neck pain, and can lead to osteoarthritis or spinal stenosis; these are the symptoms of degernative disc diseases.

Treatment methods-

  • Spinal fusion
  • Artificial disc replacement
  • Epidural steroid blocks
  • Epidural injections
  • transforaminal epidural steroid blocks


3. Compression fracture :
broken vertebra in the spine is Compression fracture. The causes of condition are severe trauma, cancer or osteoporosis. Compression fractures are most common in the vertebrae of the lower back.

  • Kyphoplasty is the treatment for a compression fracture.


4. Scoliosis :
lateral curvature of the spine is known as Scoliosis. The condition produces an “S” or “C” shape of spine, Instead of the gentle inward and outward curves. This is primarily congenital, but also be seen by traumatic injury or osteoporosis.

Treatment methods

  • Physical therapy
  • Spinal fusion
  • Facet blocks

Other several spine problems are Low back pain, Radiculopathy, Spondylolisthesis, Spinal stenosis and Sciatica.

Advantages of treatment process :

The new and advanced techniques in medical science in field of spine and neurology serve betterment of health for many patients suffering from devastating conditions and chronic back pain. They are of several kinds. Advantage of these procedures and methods are with the help of treatment one can live a normal life once again getting on their own legs being self dependent. There are many minimal invasive methods which needs less recovery time and also shorter hospital stay. Also with modifications in techniques there is no scar or smaller scar.

Risk
Complications come with almost with every kind of surgery and this is matter of spine, the most complicated bone structure of human body. Our specialists are well qualified and trained excellently to perform these operations giving minimum complications. Some risks attached with the surgery are –

  • Infections
  • Heart blocks
  • Bleeding
  • Nerve damage
  • Recurrent disc herniations


Success rate and cost :

The success rate is very good in case of advanced treatment procedures like laminectomy, it has 70 – 80 % rate of success. The various kind of spinal treatments are successful in eliminating pan or removing troublesome condition.

Cost of spine surgery in India is comparatively less than other advanced countries. One can easily save 50 % of cost with supremacy in treatment standards at top class hospitals of India.

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