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by Internet Medical Society

A pediatric hip dysplasia is a medical condition that is since birth and affects the child’s hip joints making it a symmetrical and weak that can be easily dislocated. Researches have proved that at least 1-2 children out of 1,000 suffer from hip dysplasia or developmental dysplasia dislocation (DDH) since the time they are born. Apart from inborn deficiencies DDH can also arise due to other factors such as swaddling methods therefore, there is an increased chance of the child getting DDH in the latter stages after birth.

 

Diagnosis For Pediatric Hip Dysplasia

Doctors usually combine physical examinations and imaging tests like ultrasound or x-rays to diagnose hip dysplasia condition.

Babies are at high risk for hip dysplasia when:

  • The baby is either twin or multiple, or was in a breech position at the time of birth.
  • It’s a genetic disorder.
  • The tests reveal deformity in the hip joint or the doctor find some irregularity in the legs of the child.
  • Certain signs and symptoms of a probable hip deformity, such as a limp in a child of walking age.

Treatments Available For Pediatric Hip Dysplasia

Non-Surgical Procedures

  • Pavlik Harness is a specifically designed harness to position baby’s hips in a well straight manner and protect the position. This encourages normal hip joint growth over time.
  • Hip Abduction Braces are usually used for infants to grip their hips in an accurately aligned position to encourage normal hip joint development. These are called as fixed-abduction braces that help in holding the legs apart and are not flexible like the Pavlik harness.
  • Traction more commonly used in Europe and Asiato stretch the ligaments before trying a closed reduction surgery.

Surgical Treatments

Closed Reduction is the most common procedure for a child between 6 and 24 months of age and is done under general anesthesia. This is a minimally invasive treatment where the doctor physically adjusts the ball of the hip into the socket.

Open Reduction is usually performed when it is diagnosed that the tissue is not allowing the head of the ball from fitting into the socket. In young children, adjusting the hip joint may be enough to correct the alignment. In older children, the ligaments of the hip may require a surgical procedure for repair.

Pelvic Osteotomy is performed when the hip socket needs repair. There are various types of pelvic osteotomy procedures that can be done depending on the exact shape of the socket that requires a repair.

Femoral Osteotomy is performed when the upper end of the thigh bone needs to be tilted so that the ball goes deeper into the socket. This is at times called as a Varus De-rotational Osteotomy (VDO or VDRO).

Results after surgery

As many babies respond to the Pavlik harness, or casting, there is no requirement for surgery and it helps in the normal growth of the body and hip bones. However, additional surgeries may be needed since the hip dislocation may recur as the child grows up. If not treated at correct time, sizes of the two legs may differ or a duck-like posture, and a decrease in agility can occur. In children 2 years or above with DDH condition, deformity of the hip and osteoarthritis may advance.

Pediatric Hip Dysplasia In India with IndianMedTrip

Various treatment options for Development Dysplasia Of Hip are available in India. There is a huge network of pediatric orthopedic hospitals and clinics available in all the major cities across India. IndianMedTrip offers affordable medical treatment packages from the best orthopedic hospitals/clinics in India. These pediatric hospitals and clinics are well-equipped with the latest and most advanced surgical instruments and the pediatric surgeons and doctors are experts in managing all types of hip dysplasia cases.  An added advantage of having a pediatric hip dysplasia procedure done in India is the substantially low cost of treatment with world-class facilities.

For More Details:
IndianMedTrip Healthcare Consultants
https://indianmedtrip.com/
Email: info@indianmedtrip.com
Call/whatsapp: +918600855554  
                                    
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