by Internet Medical Society
Low birth weight refers to babies weighing less than 8 ounces. Low weight in babies can cause serious health problems. While some newborns weighing below 5 pounds are born healthy, others might need treatment to address the problems that might occur because of their weight. There can be many causes of the low birth weight of a child, the common one being premature delivery.
For the baby to be born healthy, it must be born after 37 weeks of pregnancy. If the mother delivers the child before this period, there is a good chance the baby will weigh less than the normal weight of a healthy newborn. This happens because the fetus does not get enough time in the mother’s womb to develop properly. And, the fetus gains weight in the latter stages of the pregnancy. Let’s take a look at a few other factors that can lead to low birth weight issues in babies.
Intrauterine Growth Restriction
The common cause of low-born babies is the birth defect due to problems with the placenta or the mother’s health during pregnancy. This is called the intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), a condition that might have a severe impact on the baby’s weight and health. If the baby with IUGR is born before the full gestation period, they are highly likely to be small in size and have health problems.
The babies that are born full-term must look mature but are usually weak. Some babies are born with low weight because their growth stopped during the pregnancy. That’s why ultrasound tests are performed to check the position and health of the baby at different stages of pregnancy. This report gives a clear picture of the baby’s growth.
You can consult with the practicing gynecologist In Kasarvadavali Thane to track your baby’s growth. If they find any errors in the ultrasound, they will ask you to take the ultrasound test
every 2-3 weeks and recommend medication and other treatment to address the problem. The practitioner might also advise a series of other tests to monitor your kid’s heartbeat and identify any birth defect.
In addition to the factors mentioned above, domestic violence can also cause preterm births and low birthweight babies. The physical, mental, and emotional abuse can affect the child’s growth.
A vast majority of children weighing less than 5 pounds are given specialized care in the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit). Even if the baby is healthy, the doctors recommend intensive care until they gain adequate weight. There is no problem with the survival of newborns with low weight. Babies weighing up to 3 pounds have a 95% chance of survival.
Is There any Way to Prevent Low Birth Weight?
Fortunately, there are a few ways to prevent low birth weight babies. For instance, prenatal care has a significant impact on the baby’s health and growth at the time of pregnancy. So, proper prenatal care, a balanced diet, and a healthy lifestyle are a few effective tips for preventing low birth weight.
Mother’s health plays a crucial role in the fetus’ growth, which is why it is important that mothers take care of their health, diet, and medication. Regular checkups and visits to gynecologists are a must. Plus, you must take ultrasounds and other tests to monitor the growth of the fetus. Anything that can cause pregnancy complications, such as illicit drugs and alcohol, should be avoided.
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