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by Internet Medical Society

While hypertension doesn’t always pose serious health risks, uncontrollable blood pressure and pregnancy are never a good combination. Even if you have never experienced hypertension issues, it is important that you monitor your blood pressure regularly during pregnancy. A sudden and severe increase in blood pressure can put you and your baby at risk. Let’s check out the common causes of hypertension in pregnant women and complications.

Types of Hypertension

  • Gestational BP: Gestational hypertension begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy. It doesn’t show any sign of organ damages, but women with gestational blood pressure are at higher risk of preeclampsia.
  • Chronic Hypertension: Chronic hypertension is when you have existing BP problems or you get hypertension within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. The risk of organ damage is higher during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters in these women.
  • Eclampsia: Preeclampsia/eclampsia is a medical condition developed after 20 weeks of pregnancy. It can lead to visible signs of damage to your vital organs, including the kidney, liver, and brain. If the issue remains untreated for a long time, it might cause complications in your pregnancy and can be fatal for your child’s health.

What Increases Your Risk of Preeclampsia?

Women suffering from preeclampsia may or may not notice any visible signs of damage to their important organs, but you must keep your blood pressure in check throughout the pregnancy. High blood pressure is easier to treat at early stages. Here are a few things that increase your risk of developing preeclampsia:

  • IVF pregnancy
  • Suffered from preeclampsia during the first pregnancy
  • Auto-immune diseases
  • You are older than 49 years
  • Chronic high BP problems
  • Obesity
  • Type 1 or 2 diabetes

Complications from Hypertension During Pregnancy

The symptoms of hypertension often go unnoticed in most cases, which is why you must make a habit of checking your blood pressure regularly. If your BP is higher than normal, visit a practicing gynecologist in Ghodbunder Thane for a better blood pressure management plan. Following are the hypertension complications during pregnancy:

Health Risks for Baby

Lack of proper blood supply to your placenta means your baby will be deprived of the oxygen and essential nutrients needed for their growth. The low-weight baby, premature birth, birth defects, breathing problems, and infections are some complications that are likely to occur in women suffering from hypertension.

Damage to Your Vital Organs

Hypertension is associated with an increased risk of strokes, kidney damage, liver diseases, and damages to other vital organs. Poorly controlled blood pressure can put you and your baby at a higher risk of organ damage.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Premature birth due to high blood pressure doesn’t only affect the baby’s health, but it increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases for the mother.

What Should You Do To Control Blood Pressure?

Visit the maternity hospital In Thane immediately if you notice any sign of hypertension. Also, schedule a meeting with the cardiologist for a better BP management plan. For women suffering from obesity, your healthcare provider might recommend you lose a few pounds before planning pregnancy.

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