by Internet Medical Society

Types Of Cracked Teeth And What To Do With Them

Cracked Teeth are like pests. They seem to have little timers which keep counts down so that they can break on the festive season, family gatherings or important exam. Diamonds are the hardest substance, but it can be cracked by rocks, steel or anything hard.

Our teeth are similar. Although,  the tooth enamel is the hardest substance of our body.  But our teeth still get cracked.

Sometimes, you may not see them but cracked teeth can cause too much pain and lead to damage. Top dentist in Nagpur can help you out with this problem.

Does this sound familiar to you?

When you bite down, you feel stung. It can disappear immediately and you keep on ignoring it.

Questions and Answers

What are the reasons for the cracked tooth?

  • Teeth grinding
  • Weakened integrity of tooth because of large fillings
  • Biting hard food like nuts or hard candy
  • Some accidents
  • Age, with age teeth may start to crack
  • Brittle tooth structure

Symptoms of Cracked tooth

  • Pain
  • Sensitiveness to hot and cold food items
  • Pain while biting or eating

Why cracked teeth hurt?

The pressure caused by biting causes the crack in the tooth to open, which may cause pain.

Crack may open and irritate the pulp which is the soft tissue that contains nerves and blood vessels.

If crack irritates the pulp, tooth becomes sensitive to hot and cold food items.

What are the types of crack?

The pain shoots up when the pulp is exposed. These structures become more and more exposed when tooth we use is the cracked tooth, increasing the crack further. If the pulp is infected surrounding bones and soft tissue also gets infected.

Craze lines:  Over the years we use our teeth, they often develop vertical craps in the outer shell of our teeth.  Generally, we don’t feel pain with craze lines, but we can see stains on the teeth. These are not dangerous, but cosmetically displeasing.

Fractured cusp: It is a horizontal crack in the cusp. Cusp is the pointed part of the chewing surface.

A fractured cusps generally does not damage the pulp i.e. nerve tissue. Therefore it does not cause too much pain.

Cracked tooth: Cracked tooth signifies a crack running from the chewing surface area of the tooth vertically in the direction of the root. The tooth is not however broken into parts, although the

crack could steadily extend. Initial medical diagnosis is very important to be able to preserve the tooth. In the event that the crack has expanded into the pulp, the tooth may be treated with a root canal treatment as well as a crown to preserve the crack from spreading. 

But, when the crack runs below the gum line, it will be no more treatable; in fact the tooth may not be saved but will be removed. That’s the reason why early medication is essential. A cracked tooth which is not taken care of can gradually become worse, eventually resulting in the loss of the tooth. Early diagnosis or remedy is crucial in protecting all these teeth.

Split tooth: A split tooth is usually the consequence of the extended progression of a cracked tooth. The split tooth is recognized by a crack with different segments that may be split up. A split tooth cannot be rescued intact. The position and also extent of the crack, but, will certainly ascertain whether any specific portion of the tooth could be conserved. Occasionally, endodontic treatment can be executed to preserve a part of the tooth.

Vertical root fracture:  A vertical root fracture is a total or even partial fracture of the root in a buccal-lingual direction. The fracture could prolong the length of the root or as a short portion along any specific part of the root. Presently there may or may not be patient symptoms linked to the fracture. Often these are found out on routine periodicals x-rays. 

Almost all vertical root fractures are connected with a background of root canal therapy.

How will my cracked tooth be treated?

The treatment of the cracked tooth will depend on the type and severity of the crack. There are four common types of cracks:

  • Craze Lines: Generally crazed lines do not require treatment.
  • The Cusp: Usually, this is treated by placing a new filling or crown to protect the damaged tooth.
  • A Cracked Tooth: If you have a cracked tooth, root canal treatment is usually needed
  • A Split Tooth:   With root canal treatment, a portion of the tooth can sometimes be saved.
  • Vertical root fracture: Treatment of this may include extraction of teeth.

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