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by Internet Medical Society

Uterine fibroids, also known as Leiomyomas, are non-cancerous tumor growth. These fibroids can be as small as a plant seed or huge as a lemon. Fibroids are not life-threatening, but they can cause discomfort and menstrual cramps. It’s also the most common cause of hysterectomies performed in the US.

Fibroids can shrink after menopause, as your bodies produce less estrogen. Although race and ethnicity have nothing to do with your risk of developing uterine fibroids, shows that 80-90 per cent of African-American females get fibroids.

What are the Symptoms?

Some women experience severe symptoms of uterine fibroids, while for others, the symptoms are so mild that they go unnoticed. Women without the symptoms do not need treatment, as fibroids are a non-cancerous growth. However, in some cases, fibroids are cancerous. That’s a rare event, but it is better to get your issue checked by a gynecologist as soon as possible.

Here are a few symptoms of uterine fibroids:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Frequent urination
  • Back pain, menstrual cramps, and constipation
  • Bloating
  • Painful sex

Emotional issues are also common in women with uterine fibroids. The irregular periods are often the first and most common symptom of fibroids. It includes a period that lasts longer than 7 days, painful menstrual cycles, excess bleeding, blood clots, getting a period twice a month, and so on.

How is the Condition Diagnosed?

Book an appointment with a gynecologist if you notice any or all of the above symptoms. Heavy bleeding should never be ignored, as it may indicate serious problems. Besides, it can lead to anemia if left untreated. For the diagnosis, your doctor will run a pelvic test to detect any unusual growth in the walls of the uterus.

However, an ordinary pelvic test doesn’t tell much about the size of the fibroids, the count, and the exact location. Other tests might be needed for thorough evaluation and proper diagnosis.

A few common tests for the diagnosis of uterine fibroids are pap smear, blood tests, MRI, and ultrasound.

What are the Treatment Plans?

As mentioned earlier, most women who do not notice the symptoms of fibroids do not need any treatment. If you do notice the symptoms, visit a practicing gynecologist to discuss your options.

Fibroid removal treatment in Thane could vary from medication to surgery - depending on the size of fibroids and the patient’s health. The best treatment option for fibroids is hysterectomy, i.e. the complete removal of the uterus. During the surgery, your doctor also examines the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the surrounding reproductive organs.

The treatment also depends on the women’s reproductive goals, i.e. if you are in your early 20s and 30s and plan on conceiving, myomectomy (removal of the fibroids) is your best bet. For those who don’t have pregnancy plans, a hysterectomy is the best way to get rid of uterine fibroids. For more information, contact the laparoscopic gynae surgeon in Manpada Thane.

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